Byonly five European education systems had no national student assessments. Creation of new knowledge[ edit ] Data from international standardised assessments can be useful in research on causal factors within or across education systems.
Her research in drug addiction is world-recognized, prolific and pioneering. Like me, she has grown tired of watching people pass around this link to an irresponsible article published Sept.
Professor Madras, who, for decades, has steeped herself in medical research and literature on marijuana use and addiction, rolled up her sleeves and got down to business. Instead of cherry-picking citations to advance an agenda — which is typical of marijuana-legalization proponents — she summarizes the findings of all of the most recent top, government-funded studies on cannabis.
Marijuana use has no effect on mortality. Tobacco use was associated with increased risk of death. Sidney, S et al. Marijuana Use and Mortality.
American Journal of Public Health. The More Recent Research: Marijuana Use Disorder IS associated with higher mortality.
A massive study was undertaken to understand the mortality rate of methamphetamine users, in relation to other drug users. Age- sex- and race-adjusted standardized mortality rates SMRs were generated. Thus, the algorithm excluded individuals from a drug group who had any ICD-9 diagnostic codes within a medical record or across records indicative of drug use other than that designated by their drug group membership.
Those treated for addiction to cannabis marijuana had a higher mortality rate 3. The study demonstrates that individuals with cannabis marijuana use disorders have a higher mortality risk than those with diagnoses related to cocaine or alcohol, but lower mortality risk than persons with methamphetamine or opioid-related disorders.
Given the lack of long-term cohort studies of mortality risk among individuals with methamphetamine-related disorders, as well as among those with cocaine- or cannabis-related conditions, the current study provides important information for the assessment of the comparative drug-related burden associated with use and addiction.
A comparative cohort study. Veterans Affairs scientists looked at whether heavy marijuana use as a young adult caused long-term problems later, studying identical twins in which one twin had been a heavy marijuana user for a year or longer but had stopped at least one month before the study, while the second twin had used marijuana no more than five times ever.
Marijuana use had no significant impact on physical or mental health care utilization, health-related quality of life, or current socio-demographic characteristics.
Eisen SE et al. Heavy marijuana use as a young adult can adversely affect your life. Although cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the United States, few recent American studies have examined the attributes of long-term heavy cannabis users.
Using a case-control design, we obtained psychological and demographic measures on individuals, agewho had smoked cannabis a mean of 18, times and a minimum of 5, times in their lives. We compared these heavy users to 72 age-matched control subjects who had smoked at least once, but no more than 50 times in their lives.
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We found no significant differences between the two groups on reported levels of income and education in their families of origin. Both objective and self-report measures suggest numerous negative features associated with long-term heavy cannabis use.
Thus, it seems important to understand why heavy users continue to smoke regularly for years, despite acknowledging these negative effects.
Such an understanding may guide the development of strategies to treat cannabis dependence. Acute adverse effects of marijuana short list: Anxiety and panic, especially in naive users; psychotic symptoms at high doses ; road crashes if a person drives while intoxicated Chronic use of marijuana short list: Adverse health effects of non-medical cannabis use.
Risks for motor vehicle accidents are higher. Acute cannabis consumption is associated with an increased risk of a motor vehicle crash, especially for fatal collisions. Another study demonstrated a concentration-dependent crash risk for THC-positive drivers.
Alcohol and alcohol-drug combinations are by far the most prevalent substances in drivers and subsequently pose the largest risk in traffic, both in terms of risk and scope.
This information could be used as the basis for campaigns against drug impaired driving, developing regional or national policies to control acute drug use while driving, and raising public awareness.
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Kuypers KP et al. Epub Aug 28; Asbridge et al, Acute cannabis consumption and motor vehicle collision risk: Mura P et al. Forensic Sci Int The involvement of drugs in drivers of motor vehicles killed in Australian road traffic crashes. Accid Anal Prev Cannabis intoxication and fatal road crashes in France:2 The statistics are bleak.1 Nationally, graduation rates for Black teens teeter just under 50 percent.
And in many large, urban school districts, more than . Open Doors®, supported by a grant from the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs at the U.S. Department of State, is a comprehensive information resource on international students and scholars studying or teaching at higher education institutions in the United States, and U.S.
students studying abroad for academic credit at their home colleges . Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies (JETERAPS) is scholarly, open access, peer reviewed, double blind, interdisciplinary, and fully refereed journal.
JETERAPS seeks and publishes articles from academics and activists throughout the attheheels.com://attheheels.com · Emerging Global Trends in Advanced Manufacturing Stephanie S.
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It was . As states prepare their budgets for the coming year, they face the challenge of reinvesting in public higher education systems after years of damaging cuts — the product of both the economic downturn and states’ reluctance to raise additional revenues.
In the past five years, state cuts to higher education funding have been severe and almost universal.