View Full Essay Words: For many Germans during Weimar, the Jews controlled industry, banking, and suffered less in many ways due to their connections with international finance. Of course, this was just a small portion of Jews, but it became a mythos that many could believe in since it absolved Germany of fault and pointed it at a vast conspiracy.
Nonetheless, he thought of himself as a connoisseur of the arts, and in Mein Kampf he ferociously attacked modern art as degenerate, including: Cubism; Futurism ; and Dadaism ; all of which he considered the product of a decadent twentieth century society.
When in Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, he enforced his aesthetic ideal on the nation. The types of art that were favored amongst the Nazi party were classical portraits and landscapes by Old Mastersparticularly those of Germanic origin.
Other Nazi dignitaries, like Reichsmarschall Hermann Goering and Foreign Affairs minister von Ribbentropwere also intent on taking advantage of German military conquests to increase their private art collections.
They were first put on display in the Haus der Kunst in Munich on 19 Julywith the Nazi leaders inviting public mockery by two million visitors. Hitler opened the Haus der Kunst exhibition with a speech, at the end of which saliva fell out of his mouth in rage.
In it he described German art as suffering "a great and fatal illness". Public burning of art Edit Hildebrand Gurlitt and his colleagues did not have much success with their sales, mainly because art labelled "rubbish" had small appeal.
So on 20 March they set fire to 1, paintings and sculptures and 3, watercoloursdrawings and prints in the courtyard of the Berlin Fire Department, an act of infamy similar to their earlier well-known book burnings.
The propaganda act raised the attention they hoped. The Basel Museum in Switzerland arrived with 50, Swiss francs to spend. Shocked art lovers came to buy.
What is unknown after these sales is how many paintings were kept by Gurlitt, Buchholz, Moeller and Boehmer and sold by them to Switzerland and America - ships crossed the Atlantic from Lisbon - for personal gain. This was conducted in a systematic manner with organizations specifically created to determine which public and private collections were most valuable to the Nazi Regime.
The first operating unit, the western branch for France, Belgium and the Netherlands, called the Dienststelle Westen Western Agencywas located in Paris.
The chief of this Dienststelle was Kurt von Behr.
Its original purpose was to collect Jewish and Freemasonic books and documents, either for destruction, or for removal to Germany for further "study". The war loot had to be collected in a central place in Paris, the Museum Jeu de Paume.
At this collection point worked art historians and other personnel who inventoried the loot before sending it to Germany. For this reason, from the end of to the end of he traveled twenty times to Paris.
Hitler later ordered that all confiscated works of art were to be made directly available to him.Apr 29, · Words: Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Nazi Policies Following their dramatic loss in the First orld ar, the people of Germany were suffering greatly, both emotionally and physically during the period of the s and into the s.
Nazi plunder refers to art theft and other items stolen as a result of the organized looting of European countries during the time of the Third Reich by agents acting on behalf of the ruling Nazi Party of Germany.
Plundering occurred from until the end of World War II. Documenting Nazi Plunder of European Art By Greg Bradsher. The finding aid is the appendix to the Interagency Group on Nazi Assets' Preliminary Study on U.S. and Allied Efforts To Recover and Restore Gold and Other Assets Stolen or Hidden by Germany During World War II.
Both the study and the finding aid are available in a PDF format. 59 RESEARCH OF NAZI-LOOTED ART – IMPORTANT INTERNATIONAL TASK THE DEAL PROJECT – RESEARCH INTO ART LOOTED BY THE NAZIS IN FINLAND In Finland, the looting of art during the Nazi era has been subject to research for several years.
The research project ”Distributors of. Hitler’s Nazi party enjoyed widespread popularity among the German people between and as a result of their domestic policies.
Through the economy, the biggest factor in support of reducing mass unemployment, they introduced the KDF, Strength through Joy this allowed Germans to enjoy paid holidays and concerts. Nazis in . Gold, Art Works and Precious Stones Plundered by Nazy Forces During World War II.