Nature versus nurture Although the formation of gender identity is not completely understood, many factors have been suggested as influencing its development.
So far in this series on the top ten psychology studiesthe research has lumped us all together in one group and asked what psychological research says about all of us.
To answer this question I have to break the pattern just this once and include two studies, from two apparently warring factions of personality psychology. Eysenck and the personality The first is one of the earliest studies in a long line of research by Hans Eysenck.
Eysenck was influenced by Greek philosophy in his search for human personality. The Greeks thought there were four categories of person: Eysenck, instead of thinking people could be pigeon-holed this neatly suggested people could be described on a sliding scale of each of these factors.
Extraversion is the degree to which a person is outgoing and neuroticism is the degree to which they are emotionally stable or not. For example, if you are highly introverted and highly neurotic, you are an extremely anxious person. On the other hand if you are highly neurotic but extraverted then you would be an hysteric Hampson, Eysenck tested this theory by using information from patients at a military hospital.
Since then personality theory has moved on and now theorists have settled on five sliding scales. This scale is going strong and appears to describe some of the systematic ways in which people differ. It not, then what is a personality test really telling us about a person? Situation versus personality The work of both Eysenck and Mischel was crucial in forming what became a massive debate in psychology.
People do seem to be different in certain aspects, for example some people are more sociable than others. But people also show remarkable similarities in certain situations, e. The trick is in finding the balance between the two, a problem at which psychology is still working hard.It is very likely that at least some 10 to 15 years will pass before we get an adequate understanding for the relative importance of nature versus nurture in the achievement of important human objectives.
We all want to be happy, and happiness is useful for other things, too. 2 For example, happiness improves physical health, 3 improves creativity, 4 and even enables you to make better decisions.
5 (It's harder to be rational when you're unhappy. 6) So, as part of a series on how to win at life with science and rationality, let's review the. Debate on kinesiology and pedagogy Lu Changfen The P.E.
Institute, China; Xiaobing Luo Kinesiology has been listed as one of the the first level disciplines of pedagogy and its study has been recognised as a degree qualification since postgraduates was recruited for further study in the field in the 's. This assignment will discuss the relative importance of ‘nature versus nurture’ as predictors of happiness.
The assignment will also compare and contrast all sides of the equation and discuss which is the most important as a predictor of happiness ‘nature’ or ‘nurture’ or whether both have a bearing on happiness. TIME Guide to Happiness body parts as central predictors of one’s professional and personal path.
Many now believe that identity isn’t solely the domain of nature or nurture, but some. The debate of nature versus nurture has largely been settled with many agreeing that we need to think about nature and nurture as complementary (Pescosolido et al.
), yet some sociologists are skeptical of too close a collaboration with medical doctors and natural scientists focusing on biological roots of illness. While understandable.