For example, a group of Orange County homemakers did very well at making supermarket best-buy calculations despite doing poorly on equivalent school-like paper-and-pencil mathematics problems Lave,
ITS Chapter3 Check Your Understandi Essay Check Your Understanding 1. True or False? The primary goal of technical writing is to entertain readers and hold their interest. 2. A(n) _____ is a short document primarily intended to summarize material covered in a training session and promote recall. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu’s. IN YOUR WORDS n order to respond to others, we need to understand their thoughts, but we often read the meaning of the text into new words—makes you pay close attention to the author's ideas and thereby improves your level of understanding. In paraphrasing, you constantly keep the Chapter 3 Paraphrasing: The Author's Thoughts in Your.
And yet perhaps we have less freedom than we think, because many of our choices are influenced by our society in ways we do not even realize. Perhaps we are not as distinctively individualistic as we believe we are.
For example, consider the right to vote. The secret ballot is one of the most cherished principles of American democracy. We vote in secret so that our choice of a candidate is made freely and without fear of punishment.
That is all true, but it is also possible to guess the candidate for whom any one individual will vote if enough is known about the individual. This is because our choice of a candidate is affected by many aspects of our social backgrounds and, in this sense, is not made as freely as we might think.
Suppose a room is filled with randomly selected voters from that election. Nothing is known about them except that they were between 18 and 24 years of age when they voted. Young people were especially likely to vote for Barack Obama inwhile white men tended, especially in Wyoming and several other states, to vote for John McCain.
These patterns illustrate the influence of our social backgrounds on many aspects of our lives. We know only three things about them: Even though young people in the United States and white men from Wyoming had every right and freedom under our democracy to vote for whomever they wanted inthey still tended to vote for a particular candidate because of the influence of their age in the case of the young people or of their gender, race, and state of residence white men from Wyoming.
This is true for the kinds of important beliefs and behaviors just discussed, and it is also true for less important examples. For instance, think back to the last class you attended. How many of the women wore evening gowns? How many of the men wore skirts? They do not dress that way because of the strange looks and even negative reactions they would receive.
Think back to the last time you rode in an elevator. Why did you not face the back? Why did you not sit on the floor? Why did you not start singing? The basic point is that society shapes our attitudes and behavior even if it does not determine them altogether.
Moreover, our views and behavior depend to some degree on our social location in society—our gender, race, social class, religion, and so forth. Thus society as a whole and our own social backgrounds affect our attitudes and behaviors.
Our social backgrounds also affect one other important part of our lives, and that is our life chances —our chances whether we have a good chance or little chance of being healthy, wealthy, and well educated and, more generally, of living a good, happy life.
The influence of our social environment in all of these respects is the fundamental understanding that sociology —the scientific study of social behavior and social institutions—aims to present.
At the heart of sociology is the sociological perspectivethe view that our social backgrounds influence our attitudes, behavior, and life chances. In this regard, we are not just individuals but rather social beings deeply enmeshed in society. Although we all differ from one another in many respects, we share with many other people basic aspects of our social backgrounds, perhaps especially gender, race and ethnicity, and social class.
These shared qualities make us more similar to each other than we would otherwise be. Does society totally determine our beliefs, behavior, and life chances? Individual differences still matter, and disciplines such as psychology are certainly needed for the most complete understanding of human action and beliefs.
But if individual differences matter, so do society and the social backgrounds from which we come._Butcher B W (1) - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online.
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Check Your Understanding 1. True or False? The primary goal of technical writing is to entertain readers and hold their interest. 2. A(n) _____ is a short document primarily intended to summarize material covered in a training session and promote recall.
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