CDPs change the environment so that there is increased availability, accessibility, and acceptability of condom use. Scientific Support for Condom Distribution There are several ways to promote condom use among people at high risk for sexual transmission of HIV.
March 29, DOI: Results There was no significant change over time in the percentage of males or females who had ever had vaginal intercourse or who had had vaginal intercourse during the year prior to the survey.
On the other hand, female respondents showed no significant change in their condom use. The self-reported likelihood of using a condom for vaginal intercourse during the following year did not change significantly for students who had had vaginal intercourse, but it increased dramatically for those who had never had vaginal intercourse.
Conclusions The condom availability program appears not to have produced an increase in sexual activity among high school students, and it appears to have led to improved condom use among males.
Family Planning Perspectives,30 2: While some districts have considered such programs and decided against them, 1 by earlyat least schools in 50 school districts had established programs making condoms available to students.
Opponents, however, argue that such programs lead students to believe that schools condone their engaging in sexual activity, and thus encourage students to have sex. These opposing, but not mutually exclusive, views raise important questions about program impact.
The American Academy of Pediatrics, in addition to stating that schools are an appropriate site for condom availability programs, has called for research to evaluate such programs. We report on changes in sexual behavior and condom use, and on changes in knowledge, attitudes and perceptions related to sexual activity.
Methods Program Description We examined the condom availability program in an urban high school that serves a racially and socioeconomically diverse community in Los Angeles County.
Not all teenagers are sexually active. The consequences may be for a lifetime. A can was placed next to each basket with a sign requesting that students leave a quarter for each packet they took.
Implementation of the program was publicized within the school. The district had an existing ninth-grade health curriculum that covered sexual behavior and risk prevention and an AIDS Awareness Week that included assemblies and other educational programs.
No new curricula were added to supplement the condom program. Unlike many condom availability programs, this one did not require parental consent, so all students were allowed to take condoms. During the first year of the program, between 1, and 2, condom packets were taken each month, and almost no money was collected.
Respondents completed an anonymous, self-administered survey during a regular class period and sealed it in an opaque envelope.
Survey administrators unaffiliated with the school district proctored the classes. Consent and administration procedures received Human Subjects Protection Committee approval.
The baseline and follow-up surveys covered demographic information; knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about sex, HIV and other STDs, pregnancy and contraception; specific sexual behaviors; and condom use. Separate versions of the survey for males and females were identical except for appropriate differences in pronouns and in sexual behaviors.
To minimize confusion about types of sexual behaviors, we used both precise technical language and anatomic descriptions, and we avoided euphemistic language.
The survey covered lifetime history of vaginal intercourse, as well as history of vaginal intercourse during the prior year; for other sexual activity, questions covered experiences during the prior year.Dec 27, · Twenty-two high schools in the Philadelphia school district are placing clear plastic condom dispensers in student health offices.
The condoms will be available to all students and are free . With the same sexual activity among senior high students in both cities (NYC, percent; Chicago, percent), sexually active students in New York, where there is a condom availability program, were more likely to report using a condom at last intercourse than were those in Chicago, where condoms are not available in school ( to Providing condoms in schools is a much debated aspect of some comprehensive programs.
In contrast, abstinence-only programs discuss abstinence, or refraining from sex until marriage, as the only guarantee of protection from the growing epidemics of teenage pregnancy, STDs, and HIV/AIDS.
Response / Why Schools Should Make Condoms Available to Teenagers. But public high schools are the best place to provide sex education and make condoms available to teenagers—that's where the teenagers are, and that's where there are adults who are trained and willing to counsel them.
Subscribe to ASCD Express, our free e-mail. Context. While making condoms available in high schools has provoked much debate, evidence on the actual effects of such programs on students' attitudes and behavior is sparse.
Dec 27, · Twenty-two high schools in the Philadelphia school district are placing clear plastic condom dispensers in student health offices. The condoms will be available to all students and are free for.