Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. The Dangers of Totalitarianism is a political novel written with the purpose of warning readers in the West of the dangers of totalitarian government.
The face of Big Brother is everywhere. It is immediately obvious, through Winston's musings, that the political weather of Winston's London is grim and totalitarian. Winston pours himself a large drink and sets about to commit an act punishable by death — starting a diary.
He believes he is fortunate because a small corner of his apartment is hidden from the telescreen — a device that allows him to be viewed and heard twenty-four hours a day by the authorities — or Big Brother.
Here is where he begins the diary. Winston is stuck by a pang of writer's block when he suddenly realizes that he doesn't know for whom he is writing the diary. In his panic, he begins to write a stream-of-consciousness account of a recent trip to the movies. While writing this, he has a memory of a significant happening earlier in the week, in which he was simultaneously attracted to and repelled by a young woman working in his building.
He felt as though she was following him. He also remembers sharing a brief moment with O'Briena member of the Inner Party, an encounter in which Winston believes that O'Brien attempted to show solidarity with him against the tyranny of Big Brother.
He continues writing, this time with more substantive material about his feelings on the current environment in which he lives. He is interrupted by a knock at the door. Analysis The opening image of the work sets the foreboding tone that prevails throughout as the reader is introduced to Winston Smiththe fatalistic protagonist of the novel, on a "cold day in April," when "the clocks were striking thirteen.
The other main characters are introduced through Winston's perception of them. Juliathe dark-haired girl from the fiction department who, in this part, is described but, as yet, unnamedcauses him "to feel a peculiar uneasiness which had fear mixed up in it as well as hostility, whenever she was anywhere near him.
Initially, he sees her as a symbol of social orthodoxy, that is, she possesses "a general clean-mindedness," an enthusiastic adherent to the Party line. Conversely, Winston feels a certain comradeship with O'Brien, predicated on his secretly held belief that "O'Brien's political orthodoxy was not perfect.
Big Brother both a person and a concept is introduced very early on in posters that appear in Winston's building bearing the caption "Big Brother Is Watching You.
The political environment is detailed through Winston's musings, as well as narrative descriptions of specific political entities.
At the heart of the political orthodoxy that exists is the process of controlling human thought through the manipulation of language and information.
Crucial to manipulating the language and the information individuals receive are doublethink and Newspeak. Doublethink is the act of holding, simultaneously, two opposite, individually exclusive ideas or opinions and believing in both simultaneously and absolutely.
Doublethink requires using logic against logic or suspending disbelief in the contradiction. The act of doublethink also occurs in more subtle details.
As Winston begins writing in the diary, he commits his first overt act of rebellion against the Party; he creates a piece of evidence that exists outside himself.
He is still safe because no one else knows of his thoughts or his act, but the reader shares the ominous mood created when Winston observes, "Sooner or later they always got you. This first chapter introduces the reader to a host of significant issues and images that become motifs that set the mood for and recur throughout the novel.
The reader is not so subtlety drawn into a world of constant duplicity, manipulation, and surveillance. The name of Winston's apartment, "Victory Mansions," for example, creates a particular mental image for the reader that is immediately contradicted by Orwell 's observation that the ".
Big Brother, whose countenance purposely mirrors Stalin, and his pseudo omnipresence are introduced to the reader in the posters and on the telescreen. Although he never appears in person, Big Brother is the dictator of record in Oceania, and the posters carry the caption "Big Brother Is Watching You," enhancing the menacing feeling of an evil environment.
Orwell alerts the reader's senses of anticipation and dread in his depiction of the bureaucracy and political structure of Oceania: Glossary varicose ulcer an ulcer resulting from an abnormally and irregularly swollen or dilated vein "varicose vein".Crucial to manipulating the language and the information individuals receive are doublethink and Newspeak.
Doublethink is the act of holding, simultaneously, two opposite, individually exclusive ideas or opinions and believing in both simultaneously and absolutely.
|Nineteen Eighty-Four - Wikipedia||Orwell depicts a totalitarian dystopian world where there is no freedom and citizens are being brainwashed constantly.|
Aug 06, · In conclusion, while George Orwell’s novel, , was clearly a work of fiction written in the late ’s, the reality he predicted has been seen to come true in a number of areas. Surveillance and loss of privacy is a common occurrence in modern attheheels.coms: In composing this novel, Orwell gave the world a glimpse of what the embrace of communism might lead to if allowed to proceed unchecked.
In this way, language is used as yet another mechanism of mind control. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of by George Orwell. The Reflection of George. Orwell, rather clumsily in the view of some critics, gives much of this information in the form of a book-within-a-book, the supposed handbook of the revolutionaries, and an appendix to the novel itself about Newspeak.
Video: George Orwell's Summary, Characters, Themes & Analysis In this lesson, we will discuss George Orwell's novel, '' After a brief summary of the plot and the characters, we will discuss and analyze a few of its main themes. by George Orwell. Home / Literature / / Analysis Literary Devices in Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory but it was the future at the time the book was written.) The city is still named London, though the c Narrator Point of View This is Winston’s story, and we only get information through his eyes.
Why does this work.